Argentina

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Coat of arms: is a figure, in which at the top we find the gold-yellowed Sun of May, also found on the flag of Argentina. The rising sun symbolizes the rising of Argentina, as described in the first version of the Argentine National Anthem, se levanta a la faz de la tierra una nueva y gloriosa nación, meaning «a new and glorious nation rises to the surface of the Earth». It must be noticed how the verb «rise», and so in Spanish, can be used to describe the motion of the Sun.

In the center ellipse there are two shaking hands, connoting the unity of the provinces of Argentina. The hands come together to hold a pike, which represents power and willingness to defend freedom, epitomized by the Phrygian cap on the top of the spear.

Flag: is a triband, composed of three equally wide horizontal bands coloured light blue and white.

From 1978, the flag's official proportions are 9:14, and its official size is 0.9 by 1.4 meters. It features three stripes alternating sky blue, white and sky blue. Each stripe is 30 centimeters high. In the center stripe there is an emblem known as the Sun of May (Sol de Mayo), a golden sun. Historian Diego Abad de Santillán claimed that the Sun of May was a representation of the Inca sun god Inti.

 
  • Anthem: The «Argentine National Anthem» is the national anthem of Argentina. Its lyrics were written by the Buenos Aires-born politician Vicente López y Planes and the music was composed by the Spanish musician Blas Parera. The work was adopted as the sole official song on May 11, 1813, three years after the May Revolution; May 11 is therefore now Anthem Day in Argentina.
  • Official languages: Spanish.
  • Geographical location: is a country located mostly in the southern half of South America. Sharing the bulk of the Southern Cone with Chile to the west, the country is also bordered by Bolivia and Paraguay to the north, Brazil to the northeast, Uruguay and the South Atlantic Ocean to the east, and the Drake Passage to the south. Argentina is the eighth-largest country in the world, the fourth largest in the Americas, and the largest Spanish-speaking nation.
  • Administrative divisions: the state is subdivided into twenty-three provinces and one autonomous city, Buenos Aires, which is the federal capital of the nation as decided by Congress. The provinces and the capital have their own constitutions, but exist under a federal system. Argentina claims sovereignty over part of Antarctica, the Falkland Islands (Spanish: Islas Malvinas), and South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands.
  • Capital: Buenos Aires.
  • Governance: Argentina is a federal constitutional republic and representative democracy. The government is regulated by a system of checks and balances defined by the Constitution of Argentina, the country's supreme legal document. The federal government is composed of three branches: the Legislative branch consists of the bicameral Congress, made up of the Senate and Deputy chambers, which makes federal law, declares war, approves treaties and has the power of the purse and of impeachment, by which it can remove sitting members of the government. In the Executive branch, the President is the commander-in-chief of the military, can veto legislative bills before they become law — subject to Congressional override — and appoints the members of the Cabinet and other officers, who administer and enforce federal laws and policies. The President is elected directly by the vote of the people, serves a four-year term and may be elected to office no more than twice in a row. The Judicial branch includes the Supreme Court and lower federal courts.
  • Population: 43.4 million. 
  • Currency: Peso.
  • GDP: $583 billion.
  • Time zone: GMT/UTC -3.
  • Telephone code: +54.
  • Barcode: 779.

 

Trade and economic cooperation between Belarus and Argentina

According to the International Monetary Fund, Argentina ranks the 21st in the world in terms of GDP (in current prices).

The country is rich in natural resources and relatively self-sufficient in oil and gas. Traditionally agriculture is plays a significant role in the country's economy. Argentina is fully self-sufficient in food and one of the world’s largest exporters of agricultural products. The major sectors of agriculture are cereal production (wheat, corn), oil crop production (soy, sunflowers), horticulture (apples, pears, citrus fruits), winery, apiculture as well as dairy and beef cattle husbandry, poultry husbandry.

In 2017, Argentina exported its goods mainly to Brazil (15.9% of total exports), the USA (7.6%), China (7.4%), Chile (4.5%), Vietnam (3.9%), India (3.6%), Spain (2.6%), Algeria (2.5%) and the Netherlands (2.4%). These countries accounted for 50.4% of total exports.

Argentina imported goods mainly from Brazil (26.7% of total imports), China (18.4%), the USA (11.3%), Germany (4.8%), Mexico (3.1%), Italy (2.5%) and Spain (2.2%). These countries accounted for 69.1% of total imports.

According to Belarusian customs statistics, trade turnover between Belarus and Argentina totaled $66.6 million in 2015. Belarusian exports to Argentina increased by 201.7% to $9.7 million as compared to the previous year. At the same time Argentinean exports to Belarus decreased by 62.7% to $56.9 million.

Belarus's most valuable products, imported by Argentina in 2015:

  • Nitrogenous and potassic fertilizers ($7.4 million);
  • Harvesting and threshing machinery ($1.9 million);
  • Transmission shafts for machinery, equipment and vehicles ($0.1 million);
  • Games, table or parlour games ($0.03 million; 5.6% in total exports)

Argentina's most valuable products, imported by Belarus in 2015:

  • Soy bean meal ($37.8 million);
  • Apples, pears ($3.3 million);
  • Guts, bladders and stomachs of animals ($2.7 million);
  • Peanuts ($2.7 million).

Belarus's most promising export products to export to Argentina:

  • Harvesting machinery (HS code 8433);
  • Synthetic filament tow (HS code 5501);
  • Glass fibres (HS code 7019);
  • Agricultural machinery (HS code 8432).

 

This article has been prepared on the basis of information provided by the National Centre for Marketing and Price Study of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, and the Embassy of the Republic of Belarus in the Argentine Republic, and taken from public sources. The information presented herein is for informative purposes only. In this regard, it may be useful for the companies, which have been working in Argentina for a long time, as well as for those, which are going to enter this market. Any questions, feedbacks and comments concerning this article are welcome. All of them will be fully considered and taken into account, if possible. If you have any information that may be interesting and useful for the visitors of this page, please write to us.

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