Coat of arms: the official coat of arms of the Canadian monarch and thus also of Canada is closely modelled after the royal coat of arms of the United Kingdom with French and distinctive Canadian elements replacing or added to those derived from the British version.

The maple leaves in the shield, blazoned «proper», were originally drawn vert (green) but were redrawn gules (red) in 1957 and a circlet of the Order of Canada was added to the arms for limited use in 1987. The shield design forms the monarch's royal standard and is also found on the Canadian Red Ensign. The Flag of the Governor General of Canada, which formerly used the shield over the Union Flag, now uses the crest of the arms on a blue field.

Flag: consists of a red field with a white square at its centre in the ratio of 1:2:1, in the middle of which is featured a stylized, red, 11-pointed maple leaf charged in the centre.
  • Anthem: «O Canada» is the national anthem of Canada. The song was originally commissioned by Lieutenant Governor of Quebec Théodore Robitaille for the 1880 Saint-Jean-Baptiste Day ceremony; Calixa Lavallée composed the music, after which, words were written by the poet and judge Sir Adolphe-Basile Routhier. The original lyrics were in French; an English translation was published in 1906.
  • Official languages: English, French.
  • Geographical location: it is a country located in the northern part of North America. Canada's southern border with the United States is the world's longest bi-national land border. Its ten provinces and three territories extend from the Atlantic to the Pacific and northward into the Arctic Ocean.
  • Administrative divisions: Canada is a federation composed of ten provinces and three territories.
  • Capital: Ottawa.
  • Governance: Canada is a constitutional monarchy, in which the monarch is head of state. In practice, the executive powers is directed by the Cabinet, a committee of ministers of the Crown responsible to the elected House of Commons of Canada and chosen and headed by the Prime Minister of Canada. Canada is described as a «full democracy», with a tradition of liberalism, and an egalitarian, moderate political ideology. Canada has a parliamentary system within the context of a constitutional monarchy, the monarchy of Canada being the foundation of the executive, legislative, and judicial branches. The direct participation of the royal and viceroyal figures in areas of governance is limited. In practice, their use of the executive powers is directed by the Cabinet, a committee of ministers of the Crown responsible to the elected House of Commons of Canada and chosen and headed by the Prime Minister of Canada.
  • Population: 35.85 million. 
  • Currency: Canadian dollar.
  • GDP $1.55 trillion.
  • Time zone: GMT -5.
  • Telephone code: +1.
  • Barcode: 00 — 13.


Trade and economic cooperation between Belarus and Canada

Canada's Most Valuable Export Products:

  • Oil (19%);
  • Vehicles (14.7%);
  • Engineering products (machinery, engines, pumps and etc.) (7.6%);
  • Precious stones and metals (4.7%);
  • Electric appliances (3.2%);
  • Articles of polymeric material (3.1%);
  • Appliances for aircraft and space industries (3%);
  • Wood (2.9%);
  • Aluminium (2%);
  • Paper (1.9%).

Canada's Most Valuable Import Products:

  • Vehicles (16%);
  • Engineering products (machinery, engines, pumps and etc., 15.1%);
  • Electric appliances (9.8%);
  • Oil (7.1%);
  • Articles of polymeric material (3.6%);
  • Medical and mechanical equipment (2.9%);
  • Pharmaceutical products (2.7%);
  • Precious stones and metals (2.6%);
  • Articles of iron or steel (2.3%);
  • Appliances for aircraft and space industries (2.1%).

In January — September 2016, Belarusian total exports to Canada increased in more than 7 times and to $43.5 million. Trade surplus was $30.3 million. Belarusian exports excluding oil, processed petroleum oils and nitrogenous fertilizers increased by 856.6% to $39.5 million as compared to the same period of 2015. The articles of iron or steel were the main products exported by Belarus to Canada in 2016. In January — September 2016, exports of these articles amounted to $35.9 million (82.5% in total exports).

 Belarus's most promising products to export to Canada:

HS code


7213 — 7214



Nitrogenous fertilizers

40111, 40119


5402, 5501, 5503, 5506, 5508, 5509

Synthetic fibres and yarns






Wooden furniture

6201 — 6206

Textile products


Woven fabrics of flax




Glass fibres





This article has been prepared on the basis of information provided by the National Centre for Marketing and Price Study of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, and the Embassy of the Republic of Belarus in Canada, and taken from public sources. The information presented herein is for informative purposes only. In this regard, it may be useful for the companies, which have been working in Canada for a long time, as well as for those, which are going to enter this market. Any questions, feedbacks and comments concerning this article are welcome. All of them will be fully considered and taken into account, if possible. If you have any information that may be interesting and useful for the visitors of this page, please write to us.

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