France

Герб
 Флаг
 

Coat of arms: consists of a wide shield with, on the one end, a lion-head and on the other an eagle-head, bearing a monogram «RF» standing for République Française (French Republic), an olive branch symbolises peace, an oak branch symbolises perennity or wisdom, the fasces, a symbol associated with the exercise of justice (the bundle of rods and an axe were carried by Roman lictors).

Flag: is a tricolour flag featuring three vertical bands coloured blue (hoist side). Blue and red are the traditional colours of Paris, used on the city's coat of arms. Blue is identified with Saint Martin, red with Saint Denis.

Blue and red are associated with the Virgin Mary, the patroness of France, and were the colours of the oriflamme. The colours of the French flag may also represent the three main estates of the Ancien Régime (the clergy: white, the nobility: red and the bourgeoisie: blue). Blue, as the symbol of class, comes first and red, representing the nobility, comes last. Both extreme colours are situated on each side of white referring to a superior order.

 
  • Anthem: «La Marseillaise» is the national anthem of France.
  • Official languages: French.
  • Geographical location: it is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories. The metropolitan area of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories include French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans.
  • Administrative divisions: The French Republic is divided into 18 regions (located in Europe and overseas), five overseas collectivities, one overseas territory, one special collectivity — New Caledonia and one uninhabited island directly under the authority of the Minister of Overseas France — Clipperton.
  • Capital: Paris.
  • Governance: The French Republic is a unitary semi-presidential representative democratic republic with strong democratic traditions. The executive branch itself has two leaders: the President of the Republic, who is head of state and is elected directly by universal adult suffrage for a 5-year term (formerly 7 years), and the Government, led by the president-appointed Prime Minister. The French Parliament is a bicameral legislature comprising a National Assembly (Assemblée Nationale) and a Senate. 
  • Population: 65.8 million.
  • Currency: Euro.
  • GDP: $3.08 trillion.
  • Time zone: UTC +1, UTC +2.
  • Telephone code: +331.
  • Barcode: 30 — 37.

 

Trade and economic cooperation between Belarus and France

France is the 5th largest economy in the world after the USA, China, Japan and Germany.

The services sector prevails in the economy and accounts for 76.7% of all employed people, the secondary sector (mainly industry) — 20.5% and the primary one (agriculture, fishery and etc.) — only 2.8%.

The main industries are mechanical engineering, chemical industry, automotive industry, aerospace industry, electronic engineering industry, food industry, mining industry, metallurgical industry, nuclear power industry and textile industry.

France is the 6th biggest exporter in the world, trade turnover accounts for more than 60% of its GDP.

France's most valuable export products:

  • Cars and spare parts to them;
  • Aerospace engineering;
  • Pharmaceutical products;
  • Organic chemicals;
  • Iron and articles thereof;
  • Electrical equipment;
  • Agricultural products. 

France mainly exports its products to Germany (16.7%), Italy (8.3%), Spain (7.4%), Belgium (7.4%), the UK (6.7%), the USA (5.0%) and the Netherlands (4.3%). African countries, primarily French former colonies, imports goods mainly from France.

France's most valuable import products:

  • Cars;
  • Oil and gas;
  • Computers and information technology equipment;
  • Spare parts to vehicles;
  • Aerospace engineering;
  • Pharmaceutical products;
  • Processed petroleum oils;
  • Metal products;
  • Organic chemicals;
  • Sound recording and reproducing apparatus.

France mainly imports goods from Germany (19.1%), Belgium (11.3%), Italy (7.7%), the Netherlands (7.5%), Spain (6.6%), the UK (5.1%) and China (4.8%).

Dynamics of trade between Belarus and France in 2013 — 2017 years (in million U.S. dollars)

Year

Turnover

Exports

Imports

Balance

2014

534.6

110.5

424.1

-313.6

2015

387.2

66.5

320.7

-254.2

2016

285.0

42.8

243.2

-200.4

2017

365.9

66.3

299.6

-233.3

2018

399.0

74.3

324.7

-250.5

by 2017 as a percentage

109%

112.2%

108.3%

 

Belarus's most valuable products, imported by France in 2018 (in million U.S. dollars)

Products

 

Nitrogenous fertilizers

13.1

Other furniture and parts thereof

12.6

Stranded wire of iron or steel, not electrically insulated

4.5

Other articles of wood

4.0

Non-alloy steel rods hot-rolled

3.7

Alloy steel rods hot-rolled

3.5

Wood sawn or chipped lengthwise

3.5

Waste from the extraction of other vegetable oils

2.8

Potassic fertilizers

2.4

Vegetables

2.0

 

This article has been prepared on the basis of information provided by the National Centre for Marketing and Price Study of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, and the Embassy of the Republic of Belarus in the French Republic, and taken from public sources. The information presented herein is for informative purposes only. In this regard, it may be useful for the companies, which have been working in France for a long time, as well as for those, which are going to enter this market. Any questions, feedbacks and comments concerning this article are welcome. All of them will be fully considered and taken into account, if possible. If you have any information that may be interesting and useful for the visitors of this page, please write to us.

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