The Gambia

Coat of arms: has been in use since 18 November 1964. The two lions represent the colonial history of The Gambia as part of the British Empire. The crossed axe and hoe represent the importance of agriculture to The Gambia. They are also considered to represent the two major ethnic groups of The Gambia: the Mandinka and the Fulani. The crest, a palm tree, is also a vital national tree.

Flag: consists of three horizontal red, blue and green bands separated by two thin white fimbriations.

The colours of the flag carry cultural, political, and regional meanings. The blue alludes to the Gambia River, which is the nation's key feature and is where the country derives its name from. The red evokes the sun — given the Gambia's close proximity to the Equator — as well as the savanna, while the thin white stripes represent «unity and peace». The green epitomizes the forest and the agricultural goods that the Gambian people are heavily dependent on, both for exports and their personal use.

  • Anthem: «For The Gambia Our Homeland» is the national anthem of the The Gambia, written by Virginia Julia Howe and composed by Jeremy Frederic Howe (based on the traditional Mandinka song Foday Kaba Dumbuya). It was adopted after an international competition to produce an anthem (and flag) before independence in 1965.
  • Official languages: English.
  • Geographical location: is a country in West Africa that is almost entirely surrounded by Senegal with the exception of its western coastline along the Atlantic Ocean. It is the smallest country within mainland Africa. 
  • Administrative divisions: The Gambia is divided into eight local government areas, including the national capital, Banjul, which is classified as a city.
  • Capital: Banjul.
  • Governance: politics of The Gambia takes place within the framework of a presidential republic, whereby the President of The Gambia is both head of state and head of government, and of a multi-party system. Executive power is exercised by the government. Legislative power is vested in both the government and parliament. 
  • Population: 1.88 million.
  • Currency: Dalasi. 
  • GDP: $850.9 million.
  • Time zone: GMT +0.
  • Telephone code: +220.
  • Barcode: 270.


Trade and economic cooperation between Belarus and The Gambia

The Gambia is an agrarian and undeveloped country. The small-scale activities, such as processing of peanuts, fish and hides prevail in the economy. Reexport trade of The Gambia accounts for almost 80% of its exports. The country's economy is heavily dependent on financial support from the international organizations.

Taking into account that The Gambia has small territory and population (about 2 million people), its market conditions are unfavorable and public demand is relatively low. So trade and economic relations between Belarus and The Gambia are developing very slowly. However, the country's economy has the niches (construction of transport infrastructure, agricultural mechanization, energy), which may be of interest to Belarusian companies.

The Gambia's Most Valuable Export Products in 2016:

  • Peanuts;
  • Fish;
  • Cotton;
  • Palm nuts.

The Gambia's Most Valuable Import Products in 2016:

  • Food products;
  • Machinery and mechanical appliances;
  • Fuel;
  • Vehicles.

Belarusian goods, imported by The Gambia:

  • 2012 — tractors, $45.1 thousand;
  • 2013 — grids, $1 594.7 thousand.

Belarus's most promising products to export to The Gambia:

  • Milk concentrated and in powder, cheese, yogurt;
  • Sunflower oil;
  • Confectionery (candies, biscuits, marshmallow);
  • Wines, liqueurs;
  • Chlorine to purify water;
  • Building paints, varnishes;
  • Cosmetics, perfumes and toilet waters;
  • Constructional elements, plates, tubes, hoses of plastics;
  • Tubes, pipes, hoses of rubber;
  • Tyres;
  • Handbags, suitcases;
  • Napkins, towels of paper;
  • Stationery of paper and paperboard;
  • Carpets (prayer rugs);
  • Knitted clothing;
  • Corsetry;
  • Bed linen, table linen, toilet linen and kitchen linen;
  • Curtains, drapes;
  • Shawls;
  • Tarpaulins, awnings and sunblinds;
  • Women's wigs;
  • Sanitary ware;
  • Containers for compressed or liquefied gas;
  • Aluminium structures;
  • Tool kits for retail trade;
  • Switchboards;
  • Refrigerators, freezers;
  • Road construction and construction machinery;
  • Agricultural machinery and mowers;
  • Electrical transformers;
  • Uninterruptible power systems;
  • Accumulators;
  • Generators;
  • Power-driven pumps;
  • Microphones, loudspeakers, sound amplifiers;
  • Video recording apparatus;
  • Radio navigational aid apparatus;
  • Monitors and projectors;
  • Insulated wire, cables;
  • Optical fibre cables;
  • Motorcycles;
  • Instruments and apparatus;
  • Children's toys.

Belarusian exports to The Gambia are low, because consumer capacity of this market is small (2 million people).


This article has been prepared on the basis of information provided by the National Centre for Marketing and Price Study of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, and the Embassy of the Republic of Belarus in the Federal Republic of Nigeria, and taken from public sources. The information presented herein is for informative purposes only. In this regard, it may be useful for the companies, which have been working in The Gambia for a long time, as well as for those, which are going to enter this market. Any questions, feedbacks and comments concerning this article are welcome. All of them will be fully considered and taken into account, if possible. If you have any information that may be interesting and useful for the visitors of this page, please write to us.

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