Coat of arms: the actual Sarnath capital features four Asiatic lions standing back to back, symbolizing power, courage, confidence and pride, mounted on a circular base. At the bottom is a horse and a bull, and at its center is a wheel (Dharma chakra). The abacus is girded with a frieze of sculptures in high relief of The Lion of the North, The Horse of the West, The Bull of the South and The Elephant of the East, separated by intervening wheels, over a lotus in full bloom, exemplifying the fountainhead of life and creative inspiration. Carved from a single block of sandstone, the polished capital is crowned by the Wheel of the Law (Dharma Chakra).

Flag: is a horizontal rectangular tricolour of India saffron, white and India green; with the Ashoka Chakra, a 24-spoke wheel, in navy blue at its centre.

It became the official flag of the Dominion of India on 15 August 1947.

  • Anthem: «Jana Gana Mana» is the national anthem of India. It was originally composed as Bharoto Bhagyo Bidhata in Bengali by poet Rabindranath Tagore. The first stanza of the song Bharoto Bhagyo Bidhata was adopted by the Constituent Assembly of India as the National Anthem on 24 January 1950.
  • Official languages: Hindi, English.
  • Geographical location: it is a country in South Asia. Bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south, the Arabian Sea on the southwest, and the Bay of Bengal on the southeast, it shares land borders with Pakistan to the west; China, Nepal, and Bhutan to the northeast; and Bangladesh and Myanmar to the east.
  • Administrative divisions: India is a federal union comprising 29 states and 7 union territories. All states, as well in addition to the union territories of Puducherry and the National Capital Territory of Delhi, have elected legislatures and governments following on the Westminster system of governance. India is a federal parliamentary democratic republic in which the President of India is the head of state and the Prime Minister of India is the head of government. India follows the dual polity system, i.e. a double government that consists of the central authority at the centre and states at the periphery.
  • Capital: New Delhi.
  • Governance: India is the world's most populous democracy. It is a parliamentary republic with a multi-party system.
  • Population: 1.22 billion.
  • Currency: Indian rupee.
  • GDP: $1.095 trillion.
  • Time zone: GMT +5:30.
  • Telephone code: +91.
  • Barcode: 890.


Trade and economic cooperation between Belarus and India

Trade and economic cooperation between Belarus and India has been developing successfully over the last decade. The top priorities are investment cooperation as well as cooperation in industry, science, technologies and pharmacy.

Dynamics of trade between Belarus and India (in million U.S. dollars)































2015 as compared to 2014, %





In 2015, trade turnover between Belarus and India increased by 111.4% to $445.5 million as compared to 2014, Belarusian exports — by 149.4% to $317 million, Indian exports — by 68.5% to $128.5 million.

India's most valuable products, imported by Belarus:

  • Medicaments;
  • Fish products;
  • Coffee;
  • Tea;
  • Rice;
  • Food products;
  • Leather footwear and other footwear.

Belarus's most valuable products, imported by India:

  • Polycarboxylic acids;
  • Synthetic filament tow;
  • Polyamides;
  • Leather;
  • Synthetic filament yarn;
  • Hydrazine;
  • Metal oxides, hydroxides;
  • Wire of non-alloy steel;
  • Data media;
  • Navigational instruments and appliances;
  • Tyre cord;
  • Electronic integrated circuits;
  • Glass fibres;
  • Bearings.

Potassic fertilizers are the main product, exported by Belarus to India. In addition, Belarus supplies nitrogenous fertilizers and MTZ tractors.

India is a dynamically developing country, which implements the large-scale projects within the government programmes «Make in India», «Digital India», «Smart Cities Mission», «Teach India» in all economic sectors. In the last years, considerable progress has been achieved in this direction. Belarus and India are working thought the issues to assemble Belarusian tractors, buses, agricultural machinery and optic apparatus in India.

Promising areas of mutual cooperation:

  • Creation of new joint ventures;
  • Cooperation in education and mining;
  • Export and import of services.


This article has been prepared on the basis of information provided by the National Centre for Marketing and Price Study of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, and the Embassy of the Republic of Belarus in the Republic of India, and taken from public sources. The information presented herein is for informative purposes only. In this regard, it may be useful for the companies, which have been working in India for a long time, as well as for those, which are going to enter this market. Any questions, feedbacks and comments concerning this article are welcome. All of them will be fully considered and taken into account, if possible. If you have any information that may be interesting and useful for the visitors of this page, please write to us.

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