Jordan

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Coat of arms: the Royal Hashemite Crown represents the monarchy of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan and is composed of five arches with beaded design, fanning out from beneath its pinnacle and attached to the base with a relief design recalling rubies and emeralds. The Two Flags represent the flag of the Great Arab Revolt. The Eagle symbolises power, fortitude and loftiness. Its colours signify the banner and turban of the Islamic prophet, Mohammad. 

In the Coat of arms appears Arab Weaponry. A bronze shield is decorated with a chrysanthemum, a common motif in Arab art and architecture. The shield is placed in front of the globe, symbolising the defence of the right. Golden swords and spears, bows and arrows protrude from either side of the shield and the globe. Encircling the shield from its base are three ears of wheat on the right and a palm frond to the left. They are attached to the ribbon of the Al Nahda First Order Medal.

Flag: the flag of Jordan was officially adopted on 18 April 1928. It is based on the flag of the Arab Revolt against the Ottoman Empire during World War I. The flag consists of horizontal black, white, and green bands that are connected by a red chevron. The colors stand are the Pan-Arab Colors, representing the Abbasid (black band), Umayyad (white band), and Fatimid (green band) caliphates. The red chevron is for the Hashemite dynasty, and the Arab Revolt.

In addition to the bands and chevron, a white star with seven points is featured on the hoist side of the red chevron. The star stands for the unity of the Arab people. Its seven-pointed star refers to the seven hills on which Amman, the capital, was built. The seven points represent faith in one God, humanity, humility, national spirit, virtue, social justice, and aspiration.

 
  • Anthem: «As-Salam Al-Malaki Al-Urduni» was adopted in 1946. The lyrics were written by Abdul-Monem Rifai and the music was composed by Abdul Qader al-Taneer.
  • Official languages: Arabic.
  • Geographical location: is an Arab country in Western Asia, on the East Bank of the Jordan River. Jordan is bordered by Saudi Arabia to the south, Iraq to the north-east, Syria to the north and Israel and Palestine to the west. 
  • Administrative divisions: the first level subdivision in Jordan is the muhafazah or governorate. The governorates are divided into liwa or districts, which are often further subdivided into qda or sub-districts. Control for each administrative unit is in a «chief town» (administrative centre) known as a nahia.
  • Capital: Amman.
  • Governance: Jordan is a unitary state under a constitutional monarchy. Jordan's constitution, adopted in 1952 and amended a number of times since, is the legal framework that governs the monarch, government, bicameral legislature and judiciary. The king retains wide executive and legislative powers from the government and parliament. The king exercises his powers through the government that he appoints for a four-year term, which is responsible before the parliament that is made up of two chambers: the Senate and the House of Representatives. The judiciary is independent according to the constitution.
  • Population: 9.53 million.
  • Currency: Jordanian dinar.
  • GDP: $87.13 billion.
  • Time zone: GMT +2, GMT +3.
  • Telephone code: +962.
  • Barcode: 625.

 

Trade and economic cooperation between Belarus and Jordan

In 2015, trade turnover between Belarus and Jordan increased by 39.4% to $5.5 million as compared to 2014. Belarusian exports increased by 38.2% to $5.2 million as compared to 2014. Belarus exported the products of 32 commodity headings.

Rods of non-alloy steel had the biggest share in total exports (55.8% or $2.9 million). Belarus exported optical instruments ($197.5 thousand), tobacco goods ($9.1 thousand), data media ($81.4 thousand), bearings ($40.2 thousand) and other goods.

Dynamics of trade between Belarus and Jordan (in million U.S. dollars)

Year

Turnover

Exports

Imports

Surplus

2009

9.1

9.0

0.1

8.9

2010

28.2

28.0

0.2

27.8

2011

38.8

38.1

0.7

37.4

2012

43.6

42.7

0.9

41.8

2013

14.4

13.4

1.0

12.4

2014

14.0

13.6

0.4

13.2

2015

5.5

5.2

0.3

4.9

January — September 2016

23.9

14.9

9.0

5.9

January — September 2016

as compared to January — September 2015, %

 

464.0

 

 

306.2

 

 

3185.6

 

In January — September 2016, trade turnover between Belarus and Jordan amounted to $23.9 million. Belarusian exports increased by 306.2% to $14.9 million as compared to the same period of 2015. Rods of non-alloy steel had the largest share in total exports (27.3% or $4.1 million). In addition, Belarus exported data media ($1.56 million), plans and drawings ($1.56 million), trucks ($1.4 million), refrigerators and refrigerating equipment ($267.3 thousand), other furniture ($193.6 thousand), spare car parts ($191.6 thousand), and other goods.

Belarus's most promising products to export to Jordan:

  • Machinery and equipment;
  • Vehicles;
  • Electronics;
  • Metal products;
  • Pharmaceutical and medical products;
  • Articles of plastics;
  • Furniture;
  • Chemical products;
  • Paper;
  • Knitwear;
  • Dairy products; 
  • Beverages;
  • Sugar;
  • Groats.

К содержанию

This article has been prepared on the basis of information provided by the National Centre for Marketing and Price Study of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, and the Embassy of the Republic of Belarus in the Syrian Arab Republic, and taken from public sources. The information presented herein is for informative purposes only. In this regard, it may be useful for the companies, which have been working in Jordan for a long time, as well as for those, which are going to enter this market. Any questions, feedbacks and comments concerning this article are welcome. All of them will be fully considered and taken into account, if possible. If you have any information that may be interesting and useful for the visitors of this page, please write to us.

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