Kazakhstan

Герб
 Флаг
 

Coat of arms: the emblem is an image of shanyrak, the upper dome-like portion of a yurt, against a sky blue background which irradiates (in the form of sun rays) uyks (supports) set off by wings of mythical horses, inspired by Tulpar which represent bravery. The circle shape of the Emblem is a symbol of a life and eternity. The shanyrak symbolizes well-being of family, peace and calmness.

The colour version of the national emblem of the Republic of Kazakhstan consists of two colours: gold and sky blue. The golden colour corresponds to a light, clear future of Kazakh people, and the blue sky colour is a symbol of aspiration to the peace, consent, friendship and unity with all people.

Flag: the national flag of the Republic of Kazakhstan has a gold sun with 32 rays above a soaring golden steppe eagle, both centered on a sky blue background; the hoist side displays a national ornamental pattern «koshkar-muiz» (the horns of the ram) in gold; the blue color is of religious significance to the Turkic peoples of the country, and so symbolizes cultural and ethnic unity; it also represents the endless sky as well as water; the sun, a source of life and energy, exemplifies wealth and plenitude; the sun's rays are shaped like grain, which is the basis of abundance and prosperity; the eagle has appeared on the flags of Kazakh tribes for centuries and represents freedom, power, and the flight to the future. The width of the flag to its length is 1:2.

 
  • Anthem: «Meniń Qazaqstanym» is the national anthem of Kazakhstan, adopted on 7 January 2006. It is based on a homonymous song written in 1956 composed by Shamshi Kaldayakov and written by Jumeken Najimedenov.
  • Official languages: Kazakh, Russian.
  • Geographical location: it is the world's largest landlocked country. Kazakhstan shares borders with Russia, China, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, and Turkmenistan, and also adjoins a large part of the Caspian Sea.
  • Administrative divisions: Kazakhstan is divided into fourteen regions. The regions are subdivided into 177 districts.
  • Capital: Nur-Sultan.
  • Governance: Kazakhstan is a unitary republic. The Prime Minister chairs the Cabinet of Ministers and serves as Kazakhstan's head of government. There are three deputy prime ministers and sixteen ministers in the Cabinet. Kazakhstan has a bicameral Parliament composed of the Majilis (the lower house) and Senate (the upper house). There are local and regional level courts, and a national-level Supreme Court.
  • Population: 16.19 million. 
  • Currency: Tenge.
  • GDP: $220.300 billion.
  • Time zone:  GMT +5, GMT +6.
  • Telephone code: +7.
  • Barcode: 487.

 

Trade and economic cooperation between Belarus and Kazakhstan

Belarus provides national treatment for the products from Kazakhstan under the Free-Trade Agreement dated to October 18, 2011 and the Treaty on the Eurasian Economic Union dated to May 29, 2014.

Kazakhstan is among the top-10 trade partners of Belarus and third among CIS countries, which imports Belarusian goods (followed by Russia and Ukraine).

Dynamics of trade between Belarus and Kazakhstan (in million U.S. dollars)

Year

Turnover

Exports

Imports

Surplus

2012

924.8

805.9

118.9

687

2013

950.5

868.2

82.4

788

2014

966.8

879.4

87.4

792

2015

574.4

525.1

49.4

475.7

2016

419.1

363.7

55.4

308.3

January — October 2017

555.5

483.3

72.2

411.1

January — October 2017 as compared to
January — October 2016, %

164.6

163.1

175.1

 

Belarus's most valuable products, imported by Kazakhstan:

  • Milk and dairy products;
  • Tractors and semi-tractors;
  • Trucks;
  • Meat and meat products;
  • Furniture;
  • Harvesting machinery;
  • Sugar;
  • Processed petroleum oils;
  • Medicaments;
  • Tyres;
  • Wire and cables;
  • Particle board of wood;
  • Ceramic tiles;
  • Elevators;
  • Packings of plastics;
  • Spare car parts.

Kazakhstan's most valuable products, imported by Belarus:

  • Crude oil, including gas condensate;
  • Processed petroleum oils;
  • Coal;
  • Cotton;
  • Aluminium;
  • Ferro-alloys;
  • Tubes of iron or steel;
  • Flat-rolled products of non-alloy steel;
  • Semiconductor devices;
  • Communication apparatus;
  • Sulphates;
  • Alums;
  • Peroxosulphates;
  • Clothing;
  • Medicaments;
  • Nuts.

In January — September 2017, trade in services between Belarus and Kazakhstan increased in 2.1 times to $128.1 million as compared to the same period of 2016, Belarusian exports increased in 2.3 times to $99.8 million, Kazakhstani exports — by 74.6% to $99.8 million. Trade surplus in services was $71.5 million.

Share of Belarusian products in Kazakhstani imports

HS code

Products

January — July 2016, %

January — July 2017, %

8704

Motor vehicles to transport goods

11.8

13.4

8704 23 910

Motor vehicles to transport goods, of a g.v.w. exceeding 20 tonnes (MAZ trucks)

11.3

27.2

8704 10

Dumpers, designed for off-highway use (BelAZ dumpers)

9.1

8701

Tractors (other than tractors of heading no 8709)

29.6

24.3

8701 20 101

Semi-tractors (MAZ)

3.7

5.5

8701 90

Other tractors (MTZ)

36.1

tractors of this heading were not supplied to Kazakhstan

8433

Harvesting and threshing machinery

2.8

5.9

0402

Milk and cream, concentrated and in powder

20.2

21.6

4011

Tyres

9.6

5.9

9403

Other furniture and parts thereof

8.3

10

3004

Medicaments packed for retail sale

1.9

2

 
Belarus's most promising products to export to Kazakhstan (in million U.S. dollars):

HS code

Products

2016

January — September 2017

1

0201 — 0210, 1601 — 1602

Meat and meat products

215.9

189.7

2

0401 — 0406

Dairy products

225.3

190.7

3

1701

Sugar

203.2

167

4

1806

Chocolate and other food preparations containing cocoa

150.5

110.9

5

2402

Cigars

142.3

75.1

6

3004

Medicaments

695.3

564,7

7

3304 — 3401

Cosmetics

252.2

208.5

8

3402

Washing and cleaning preparations

114.5

113.1

9

4011

Tyres

249.9

237.8

10

7308

Structures of iron or steel

276.6

208.5

11

8413

Pumps for liquids

177.2

128.8

12

8418

Refrigerators and other refrigerating equipment

219.2

166.3

13

8432

Agricultural, horticultural or forestry machinery

57.7

67.9

14

8433

Harvesting and threshing machinery

203.5

156.4

15

8544

Insulated wire

255.8

217

16

8701

Tractors

111.3

125.2

17

8703

Cars

416.3

392.8

18

8704

Trucks

174.8

197.4

19

8708

Parts and accessories of motor vehicles, indicated in heading no. 8701 to 8705

200.7

205.7

20

9401 — 9403

Furniture

239.9

221.9

TOTAL:

4600.8

3982.5

 

This article has been prepared on the basis of information provided by the National Centre for Marketing and Price Study of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, and the Embassy of the Republic of Belarus in the Republic of Kazakhstan, and taken from public sources. The information presented herein is for informative purposes only. In this regard, it may be useful for the companies, which have been working in Kazakhstan for a long time, as well as for those, which are going to enter this market. Any questions, feedbacks and comments concerning this article are welcome. All of them will be fully considered and taken into account, if possible. If you have any information that may be interesting and useful for the visitors of this page, please write to us.

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