Kyrgyzstan

Герб
 Флаг
 

Coat of arms: the emblem has a circular form which mostly bears the color blue. Light blue is known as the Kyrgyz color of courage and generosity (c.f. the flag of Kazakhstan and the emblem of Kazakhstan). To the left and right of the coat of arms, wheat and cotton are displayed. In the upper part, the name of the country appears in Kyrgyz «Кыргыз Республикасы» (Qırğız Respublikası).

In the middle, the Tian Shan mountains are displayed, below which fields are shown. Behind the mountain panorama, one sees a rising sun. A hawk beating its wings stands under this panorama, which gives the impression that the panorama lies on the shoulders of the hawk.

Flag: consists of a red field charged with a yellow sun that contains a depiction of a yurt (traditional tent). It is actually a depiction of the first thing one sees when waking up in a yurt, namely the construction of the pinnacle of every Kyrgyz yurt with three crisscrossing laths across the circular opening at the top of the yurt. 

The red field stands for «bravery and valor», and alludes to the purported emblem hoisted by Manas, the national hero of Kyrgyzstan. The sun epitomizes peace and prosperity, while its 40 rays stand for the number of tribes united by Manas to fight against the Mongols, as well as the number of followers he had.

 
  • Anthem: «The National Anthem of the Kyrgyz Republic» was adopted on 18 December 1992.he music was composed by Nasyr Davlesov and Kalyi Moldobasanov, and the words were written by Jamil Sadykov and Eshmambet Kuluev.
  • Official languages: Kyrgyz, Russian.
  • Geographical location: Kyrgyzstan is a landlocked country with mountainous terrain. It is bordered by Kazakhstan to the north, Uzbekistan to the west and southwest, Tajikistan to the southwest and China to the east.
  • Administrative divisions: Kyrgyzstan is divided into seven regions administered by appointed governors. The capital, Bishkek, and the second largest city Osh are administratively independent cities (shaar) with a status equal to a region.
  • Capital: Bishkek.
  • Governance: the politics takes place in the framework of a parliamentary representative democratic republic, whereby the President is head of state and the Prime Minister of Kyrgyzstan is head of government. Executive power is exercised by the government. Legislative power is vested in both the government and parliament.
  • Population: 6.4 million.
  • Currency: Som.
  • GDP: $8.1 billion.
  • Time zone: GMT +6.
  • Telephone code: +996.
  • Barcode: 470.

 

Trade and economic cooperation between Belarus and Kyrgyzstan

Kyrgyzstan's social and economic performance

 

2012

2013

2014

2015

2016

2017

2018

GDP (in current prices), in billion U.S. dollars

6.5

7.2

7.4

6.6

6.5

7.2

8.1

previous period growth in %

99.1

110.5

103.6

103.5

103.8

104.5

103.5

per capita, in U.S. dollars

1145

1253

1258

1154

1078

1152

1270

Industrial output (in current prices), in billion U.S. dollars

2.85

3.4

3.1

2.7

2.8

2.36

3.64

previous period growth in %

79.8

134.3

98.4

95.6

104.9

111.5

105.4

Agricultural output (in current prices), in billion U.S. dollars

3.6

3.6

3.6

3.1

2.7

2.9

3.0

previous period growth in %

101.2

102.9

99.4

106.2

103.0

102.2

102.7

Fixed investment (in current prices), in billion U.S. dollars

1.33

1.61

2.0

2.0

1.9

2.0

2.2

previous period growth in %

121.5

102.3

121.6

108

103.8

106.2

103.3

FX reserves (as of the end of the period), in million U.S. dollars

1854.4

2238.4

2020.0

1778.3

1969.1

2180

2160

Trade turnover, in million U.S. dollars

7267.7

8089.3

7612.3

5539.1

4889

6250

6670

including: exports

1893.8

2019.6

1879.9

1470.2

1268.6

1760

1760

imports

5379.9

6069.7

5732.4

4069.5

3620.4

4490

4910

Population (as of the end of the period), thousand people

5655

5767

5884

5895.1

6140

6247

6376

Number of unemployed people (as of the end of the period), thousand people

60.4

58.4

58.2

56

55.6

58.7

70.9

Official unemployment rate, %

8.4

8.3

8.0

7.6

7.6

8.2

8.5

Average monthly nominal wage,

10566

11426

12435

13277

14883

14800

15700

in U.S. dollars

224.8

235.8

231.8

206

207

216

229

Consumer price index (as compared to December of the previous year), %

102.

104.0

110.5

106.5

100.4

103.2

100.5

Source: EAEU statistical book, Ministry of Economy of Kyrgyzstan

In 2018, Kyrgyzstan's GDP was up 3.5% to 557.1 billion soms (or $8.1 billion, the average US dollar exchange is 68.84 KGS/$).

The share of industry and agriculture in GDP decreased by 0.7% to 39.1% as compared to 2017. Shares of industry and agriculture were down 0.1% to 18.6% and 0.7% to 11.7% respectively. The share of construction increased by 0.2% to 8.8%.

GDP structure

Показатель

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

2015

2016

2017

2018

GDP, by sector (%)

including:

100

 

100

 

100

 

100

 

100

 

100

 

100

 

100

 

100

 

Goods

43.7

44.0

38.9

38.0

37.8

37.6

39.2

39.8

39.1

Industry

20.7

22.5

15.7

16.1

15.6

15.3

17.5

18.7

18.6

Agriculture

17.5

16.6

16.7

15.2

14.8

14.0

13.2

12.4

11.7

Construction

5.5

4.9

6.5

6.7

7.4

8.3

8.5

8.6

8.8

Services

46.1

45.0

48.0

47.7

48.1

50.3

49.8

48.5

46.8

Net taxes on products

10.2

11.0

13.1

14.3

14.1

12.1

11.0

11.3

14.1

In 2018, Kyrgyzstan's foreign trade increased by 6.5% to $6.672 billion as compared to 2017.

The country's exports amounted to $1.7646 billion (remained at last year’s level), imports increased by 9.2% to $4.9074 billion as compared to 2017.

Trade deficit was $3.1428 billion in 2018 against $2.7304 billion in 2017.

The UK, Turkey, China and Lithuania were the main non-CIS countries importing goods from Kyrgyzstan. Russia, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan were the main CIS countries importing goods from Kyrgyzstan.

Trade turnover between Belarus and Kyrgyzstan was up 0.7% to $130.9 million as compared to 2017. Belarus' exports decreased by 2.5% to $120.3 million, Kyrgyzstan's exports increased by 60.4% to $10.6 million. Trade surplus was $109.7 million.

Dynamics of trade between Belarus and Kyrgyzstan (in thousand U.S. dollars)

Years

Turnover

Exports

Imports

Surplus

2013

110917

98196

12721

85475

2014

95289

88824

6465

82359

2015

59393

55381

4012

51369

2016

53237

48694

4579

44115

2017

130062

123452

6610

16842

2018

130919.8

120319.7

106600.1

109719.6

in 2018 as compared to 2017, %

100.7

97.5

10.6

93.4

In 2018, turnover of services between Belarus and Kyrgyzstan was down 6.1% to $5.25 million as compared to 2017. Belarus' exports of services decreased by 10.5% to $4.39 million, Kyrgyzstan's exports increased by 24.8% to $0.86 million. Surplus of services was down $0.68 million to $3.53 million as compared to 2017.

Belarus mainly exported the following products to Kyrgyzstan in 2018:

  • milk and cream, concentrated and in powder ($22.8 million; exports increased by 12.5% or $2.5 million; shipments were up 28.7%);
  • butter ($17.9 million; exports decreased by 4.5% or $0.8 million; shipments were up 2%);
  • cheese and quark ($15.1 million; exports increased by 75.2% or $6.5 million);
  • tractors and semi-tractors ($6.8 million; exports increased by 29.9% or $1.6 million); 
  • meat and edible offal of poultry ($4.4 million; exports increased by 44.7% or $1.4 million);
  • furniture and parts thereof ($3.4 million; exports increased by 21.9% or $0.6 million);
  • builders' joinery and carpentry of wood ($3.3 million; exports increased by 57.4% or $1.2 million);
  • medicaments packed for retail sale ($3.1 million; exports increased by 69.7% or $1.3 million);
  • wallpaper and similar wall coverings ($2.8 million; exports increased by 19.2% or $0.5 million);
  • yarn of synthetic staple fibres ($2.6 million; exports increased in 2.1 times or by $1.4 million);
  • particle board ($2.5 million; exports decreased by 50.7% or $2.6 million);
  • carpets and other textile and tufted floor coverings ($2.2 million; exports increased by 1.2% or $0.03 million);
  • vehicles intended to carry 10 or more persons ($2.0 million; not supplied previously);
  • sugar ($1.9 million; exports decreased by 74.6% or $3.6 million).

Belarus exported goods of 70 commodity headings against goods of 49 commodity headings in 2017.

Belarus mainly imported:

  • radiators to tractors and agricultural machinery ($5.7 million, imports increased by 14.6% as compared to 2017);
  • processed petroleum oils ($2.2 million);
  • cotton, not carded or combed ($1.4 million, imports increased in 9.6 times);
  • edible products of animal origin ($0.27 million, imports decreased by 22.8%);
  • leguminous, dried ($0.2 million, imports increased by 0.3%);
  • dried fruits ($0.14 million, imports decreased by 43.6%);
  • women's clothing ($79.6 thousand; imports increased in 2.3 times).

This article has been prepared on the basis of information provided by the National Centre for Marketing and Price Study of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, and the Embassy of the Republic of Belarus in the Kyrgyz Republic, and taken from public sources. The information presented herein is for informative purposes only. In this regard, it may be useful for the companies, which have been working in Kyrgyzstan for a long time, as well as for those, which are going to enter this market. Any questions, feedbacks and comments concerning this article are welcome. All of them will be fully considered and taken into account, if possible. If you have any information that may be interesting and useful for the visitors of this page, please write to us.

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