Coat of arms: is a national emblem consisting of a circle charged with a bird at the top, a mosque in the centre flanked by two bows and arrows, and the rising sun at the bottom.

The mosque depicted at the centre of the seal is the Great Mosque of Djenné. It represents Islam, the country's majority religion — practised by 94.8% of the population. Featured above the structure is a bird — the species it belongs to is disputed. The Djenné mosque is flanked by two bows and arrows, with the rising sun pictured at the very bottom.

Flag: is a tricolour with three equal vertical stripes. From the hoist (the place where the flagpole meets the flag) the colours are green, gold, and red, the pan-African colours.

The green stands for fertility of the land, gold stands for purity and mineral wealth and the red symbolizes the blood shed for independence from the French.

  • Anthem: «Le Mali» is the national anthem of Mali. It was adopted in the early 1960s.
  • Official languages: French.
  • Geographical location: it is a landlocked country in West Africa, a region geologically identified with the West African Craton. It borders Mauritania to the West, Senegal, Guinea, Ivory Coast and Burkina Faso to the south, Niger to the east, and Algeria to the north.
  • Administrative divisions: Mali is divided into ten regions and the District of Bamako. Each region has a governor.
  • Capital: Bamako.
  • Governance: executive power is exercised by the government. Legislative power is vested in both the government and the National Assembly. The Judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature.
  • Population: 15.97 million.
  • Currency: West African CFA franc.
  • GDP: $13.1 billion.
  • Time zone: GMT.
  • Telephone code: +223. 
  • Barcode: 466.


Trade and economic cooperation betweenBelarus and Mali

Mali is an agrarian country, recovering from the military coup of 2012. The country is rich in gold. About 80% of its export earnings come from cotton and gold exports. Mali is developing the iron ores mining industry to diversify its export earnings. Government policy is aimed at attracting of foreign aid to improve the security situation and recover the country's economy.

In 2016, Mali imported $2.9 billion worth of goods (a 5.8% increase as compared to 2015). At the same time, the main suppliers of the products to Mali were Cote d'Ivoire — $287.1 million (9.9%), France — $275.5 million (9.5%), Senegal — $223.3 million (7.7%) and China — $203 million (7%).

Mali's Most Valuable Export Products in 2016:

  • Gold;
  • Cotton;
  • Livestock.

Mali's Most Valuable Import Products in 2016:

  • Processed petroleum oils;
  • Machinery and equipment;
  • Construction materials;
  • Food products;
  • Fabrics.

The main trade partners of the country are Switzerland, China, Cote d'Ivoire, France, India, Bangladesh, Senegal and Thailand.

The line of Belarusian products, supplied to Mali, does not change. Potassic fertilizers have accounted for 95% of Belarusian total exports to this country for a long period of time.

Potassic fertilizers, printed goods, tractors and semi-tractors have traditionally big share in Belarusian total exports.

In 2016, Belarus supplied $21.2012 million worth of goods to Mali, which made 254% as compared to the previous year's figure. The decline amounted to $25.1 thousand. In 2016 Belarus started to supply goods of 1 commodity heading ($0.2 thousand) and halted to supply goods of 15 commodity headings ($25.3 thousand).

Belarus's most valuable products, imported by Mali

Commodity heading


Exports, in thousand U.S. dollars

The share of Belarusian products in Malian imports, %


Potassic fertilizers




Tractors and semi-tractors




Printed books, brochures, leaflets



Belarus's most promising products to export to Mali:

  • Milk concentrated and in powder, cheese, yogurt;
  • Sunflower oil;
  • Preserved fish (except herring);
  • Confectionery (candies, biscuits, marshmallow);
  • Wines, liqueurs;
  • Chlorine to purify water;
  • Building paints, varnishes;
  • Cosmetics, perfumes and toilet waters;
  • Constructional elements, plates, tubes, hoses of plastics;
  • Tubes, pipes, hoses of rubber;
  • Tyres;
  • Handbags, suitcases;
  • Napkins, towels of paper;
  • Stationery of paper and paperboard;
  • Carpets (prayer rugs);
  • Knitted clothing;
  • Corsetry;
  • Bed linen, table linen, toilet linen and kitchen linen;
  • Curtains, drapes;
  • Shawls;
  • Tarpaulins, awnings and sunblinds;
  • Women's wigs;
  • Sanitary ware;
  • Containers for compressed or liquefied gas;
  • Aluminium structures;
  • Tool kits for retail trade;
  • Switchboards;
  • Refrigerators, freezers;
  • Road construction and construction machinery;
  • Agricultural machinery and mowers;
  • Electrical transformers;
  • Uninterruptible power systems;
  • Accumulators;
  • Generators;
  • Power-driven pumps;
  • Microphones, loudspeakers, sound amplifiers;
  • Video recording apparatus;
  • Radio navigational aid apparatus;
  • Monitors and projectors;
  • Insulated wire, cables;
  • Optical fibre cables;
  • Motorcycles;
  • Instruments and apparatus;
  • Children's toys.

In 2016, Belarusian exports of advanced technology products to Mali decreased, because of the unstable security situation in this country.


This article has been prepared on the basis of information provided by the National Centre for Marketing and Price Study of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, and the Embassy of the Republic of Belarus in the Federal Republic of Nigeria, and taken from public sources. The information presented herein is for informative purposes only. In this regard, it may be useful for the companies, which have been working in Mali for a long time, as well as for those, which are going to enter this market. Any questions, feedbacks and comments concerning this article are welcome. All of them will be fully considered and taken into account, if possible. If you have any information that may be interesting and useful for the visitors of this page, please write to us.

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