Coat of arms: shows a secretary bird bearing a shield from the time of Muhammad Ahmad, the self-proclaimed Mahdi who briefly ruled Sudan in the 19th century. Two scrolls are placed on the arms; the upper one displays the national motto, and the lower one displays the title of the state.

Flag: consists of a horizontal red-white-black tricolour with a green triangle at the hoist. The flag is based on the Arab Liberation Flag shared by Egypt, Iraq, Syria and Yemen that uses a subset of the Pan-Arab colours in which green is less significant. 

The colours stand for Arab unity and independence. The red stripe represents Sudan's struggle for independence and many other struggles, and the sacrifices of the country's martyrs. The white represents peace, light and optimism. The black represents Sudan. Green represents Islam, agriculture and the prosperity of the land.

  • Anthem: «Nahnu Jundu l-Laahi, Jundu l-Watan» is the national anthem of Sudan.
  • Official languages: Arabic, English.
  • Geographical location: it is a country in Northeast Africa. It is bordered by Egypt to the north, the Red Sea to the northeast, Eritrea to the east, Ethiopia to the southeast, South Sudan to the south, the Central African Republic to the southwest, Chad to the west, and Libya to the northwest.
  • Administrative divisions: Sudan is divided into 18 states.
  • Capital: Khartoum.
  • Governance: the politics of Sudan takes place in the framework of a presidential representative democratic consociationalist republic, where the President of Sudan is head of state, head of government and commander-in-chief of the Sudanese Armed Forces in a multi-party system. Legislative power is vested in both the government and in the two chambers, the National Assembly (lower) and the Council of States (upper), of the bicameral National Legislature. The judiciary is independent and obtained by the Constitutional Court.
  • Population: 40.23 million.
  • Currency: Sudanese pound.
  • GDP: $97.2 billion.
  • Time zone: GMT +3.
  • Telephone code: +249.
  • Barcode: 736.


Trade and economic cooperation between Belarus and Sudan

The Sudanese economy is highly dependent on the imported consumer, food, industrial and other products.

The economy is based on agriculture and the extractive industries, the main of which are the gold-mining industry and oil-extracting industry. The country is the third largest producer of gold in the world after RSA and Ghana.

Sudan's economic performance in 2017:

  • Economic growth — 3.7%;
  • GDP per capita — $4.6 thousand;
  • Exports — $3.8 billion;
  • Imports — $8.7 billion;
  • Inflation — 26.9%;
  • Unemployment — 19.6%.

Sudan's Most Valuable Export Products:

  • Gold;
  • Oil and processed petroleum oils;
  • Cotton;
  • Sesame;
  • Peanuts;
  • Sugar;
  • Vegetable gum. 

Sudan's Most Valuable Import Products:

  • Food products;
  • Industrial goods;
  • Equipment and vehicles;
  • Medications;
  • Chemical products;
  • Fabrics;
  • Wheat.

Sudan is of considerable interest to Belarusian companies. This country eagers to strengthen trade and economic relations with Belarus and to develop cooperation in industries and agriculture.

In 2017, for the first time, OJSC BelAZ supplied its mining dump trucks to Sudan. Trucks of OJSC MAZ, tractors Belarus-2022.3, combine harvester-threshers of OJSC Gomselmash, agricultural machinery of OJSC Bobruyskagromash and OJSC Lidselmash, road-construction machinery of OJSC Amkodor were supplied to this country as well.

In 2017, Belarusian exports to Sudan amounted to $9.8 million, Sudanese exports to Belarus — $12.07 million. Exports of goods in 2018 increased by 46%.

Belarus mainly exports tractors, road-construction machinery, trucks, harvesting machinery, motors, quicklime, checking instruments and tyres to this country.

Sudan mainly exports citrus fruits, fresh fruits and vegetables to Belarus. 

There are 3 joint ventures in Belarus.

Dynamics of trade between Belarus and Sudan (in million U.S. dollars)




































Belarus's most promising products to export to Sudan:

  • Tractors and agricultural machinery;
  • Combine harvester-threshers;
  • Trucks;
  • Buses;
  • Mining dump trucks;
  • Tyres;
  • Articles of plastics;
  • Nitrogenous fertilizers;
  • Meat and dairy products;
  • Milk in powder and other food products.



This article has been prepared on the basis of information provided by the National Centre for Marketing and Price Study of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, and the Embassy of the Republic of Belarus in the Arab Republic of Egypt, and taken from public sources. The information presented herein is for informative purposes only. In this regard, it may be useful for the companies, which have been working in Sudan for a long time, as well as for those, which are going to enter this market. Any questions, feedbacks and comments concerning this article are welcome. All of them will be fully considered and taken into account, if possible. If you have any information that may be interesting and useful for the visitors of this page, please write to us.

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