• Official languages: Tajik. 
  • Geographical location: Tajikistan is landlocked, and is the smallest nation in Central Asia by area. It is covered by mountains of the Pamir range. The Amu Darya and Panj rivers mark the border with Afghanistan.
  • Administrative divisions: Tajikistan consists of 4 administrative divisions. These are the provinces (viloyat) of Sughd and Khatlon, the autonomous province of Gorno-Badakhshan (abbreviated as GBAO), and the Region of Republican Subordination. Each region is divided into several districts, which in turn are subdivided into jamoats (village-level self-governing units) and then villages (qyshloqs). As of 2006, there were 58 districts and 367 jamoats in Tajikistan.
  • Capital: Dushanbe.
  • Governance: the politics of Tajikistan takes place in a framework of a presidential republic, whereby the President is both head of state and head of government, and of a multi-party system. Legislative power is vested in both the executive branch and the two chambers of parliament.
  • Population: 8.7 million.
  • Currency: Somoni.
  • GDP: $7.24 billion.
  • Time zone: GMT +5.
  • Telephone code: +992.


Economy review

• GDP - USD 8.1 billion;
• GDP per capita - US $ 874;
• exports - US $ 1.2 billion;
• imports - USD 3.3 billion;
• main export items: mineral products, precious and semi-precious stones and metals, base metals and articles thereof, textile materials, cotton fiber;
• main import items: petroleum products, machinery and equipment, vehicles, base metals and products from them, products of vegetable origin, finished food products.

At the end of 2019, imports of goods to the Republic of Tajikistan amounted to USD 3,349.3 million, which is 6.3% or USD 198.3 million more than in 2018.

Imports were carried out mainly from the following countries: Russia (30.1%), Kazakhstan (22.1%), China (18.1%), Uzbekistan (5.7%), Turkey (4.3%), Germany ( 2.3%), USA (2.2%), Japan (2.0%), Pakistan and Iran (1.4% each), Kyrgyzstan (1.3%), Ukraine (1.1%), Italy and the Republic of Korea (1.0% each), Belarus (0.9%), India (0.7%), the UAE (0.6%) and others.

Imports of plant products increased by 27.1% (by USD 65.1 million), vehicles by 6.0% or by USD 18.5 million, textile materials and products made from them by 34.1% or by 20 USD 5 million, chemical products by 7.9% (by USD 24.1 million), animal fats and oils by 28.1% (by USD 23.3 million), mineral products by 7.8% (by 45.5 million US dollars), finished food products by 19.6% (by 45.4 million US dollars), polymeric materials, rubber and products from them 20.6% (by 21.8 million US dollars), optical and medical instruments and devices by 35.4% (by 6.3 million US dollars), products of animal origin by 8.5% (by 5.3 million US dollars), wood and wood products by 3.0% ( by 33.7 million US dollars), footwear, hats, etc. by 40.3% or 3.4 million US dollars.

At the end of 2019, imports of base metals and products from them decreased by 20.7% (by 84.3 million US dollars), machinery and equipment by 0.9% (by 3.8 million US dollars), stone products, gypsum and cement by 16.4% (by 13.9 million US dollars), paper and cardboard and products from them by 10.2% (by 5.0 million US dollars), etc.


Exports of goods in 2019 amounted to USD 1,174.4 million, which is 9.4% more than in 2018.

The main partners of Tajikistan in the export of goods were: Turkey (19.9%), of the total volume of export of goods, Uzbekistan (14.6%), Switzerland (19.2%), Kazakhstan (18.6%), Afghanistan (8, 3%), China (4.7%), Russia (3.8%), Belgium (1.8%), Iran (1.5%), Kyrgyzstan (1.0%), Italy and Pakistan (0 , 9%), Latvia (1.0%), the Netherlands and the Virgin Islands (0.6% each) and others.

In 2019, compared to 2018, exports of precious and semiprecious stones and metals increased by 110.4 times (by $ 223.7 million), products of plant origin by 33.7% (by $ 6.8 million), finished food products, alcoholic and non-alcoholic beverages and other food products by 35.3% (by 1.3 million US dollars).

At the same time, the export of mineral products decreased by 15.6% (by 85.1 million US dollars), textile materials and products from them by 11.5% (by 26.0 million US dollars), base metals and products from them. by 7.4% (by 17.5 million US dollars).

In 2018, the volume of trade with Tajikistan amounted to USD 37.4 million, exports - USD 33.4 million.

According to the results of 2019, trade between Belarus and Tajikistan amounted to USD 36.3 million, including Belarusian exports - USD 33.2 million.

The main export items to Tajikistan are tractors and truck tractors, sugar, carpets and floor coverings, chipboards and fiberboards, tires, stationery.

The main imports from Tajikistan to Belarus are cotton yarn, cotton fiber, dried fruits, mixtures of nuts or dried fruits, and textile clothing.

Currently, the parties are working on such promising areas of cooperation as the expansion of interaction in the food industry, as well as the development of industrial cooperation ties.

In October 2019, a trilateral business forum "Tajikistan - Belarus - Afghanistan" was held in Dushanbe with the participation of representatives of the chambers of commerce and industry and business circles of the three countries. Belarusian-Tajik humanitarian contacts are actively developing.

Since 2009, the number of Tajik citizens studying in the Republic of Belarus has significantly increased, including within the framework of joint faculties that are being created.

In 2018, the Days of Culture of the Republic of Belarus were held in the Republic of Tajikistan.

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The information for this article is provided by the National Centre for Marketing and Price Study of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Embassy of the Republic of Belarus in the Republic of Tajikistan, and taken from public sources. The information presented herein is for informative purposes only. In this regard, it may be useful for the companies, which have been working here for a long time, as well as for those, which are going to enter this market. Any questions, feedbacks and comments concerning this article are welcome. All of them will be fully considered and taken into account, if possible. If you have any information that may be interesting and useful for the visitors of this page, please write to us.

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