Tajikistan

Герб
 Флаг
 

Coat of arms: the State Emblem of Tajikistan is a modified version of the original emblem of the Tajik Soviet Socialist Republic that was in use until the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991.

The crown at the center of the emblem refers to the Persian word taj, meaning crown, from which the name of the Tajik people is said to be derived.

The base of the emblem contains a representation of a book and the Pamir Mountains. The emblem is flanked by cotton on one side and wheat on the other, as well a banner of the national red-white-green colors of Tajikistan is wrapped around the cotton and wheat.

Flagwas adopted in November 1992, replacing the flag of the Tajik Soviet Socialist Republic of 1953. The flag of Tajikistan is a horizontal tricolor of red, white and green with a width ratio of 2:3:2, charged with a crown surmounted by an arc of seven stars at the centre. 

The red represents the unity of the nation as well as victory and sunrise. The white represents purity, morality, the snow and ice of the mountains, and cotton.The green represents the bountiful generosity of nature, fertile valleys, and the religion of Islam, and the celebration of Novruz. 

The crown represents the Tajik people. The flag of Tajikistan features seven stars due to the significance of the number seven in Tajik traditional legends, representing perfection and happiness while alluding to a traditional belief that the heavens feature seven mountains and seven orchard gardens with a star shining above each mountain.

The flag day is celebrated on November 24.

 
  • Anthem: «Surudi Milli» is the national anthem of Tajikistan, officially adopted on 7 September 1994.
  • Official languages: Tajik. 
  • Geographical location: Tajikistan is landlocked, and is the smallest nation in Central Asia by area. It is covered by mountains of the Pamir range. The Amu Darya and Panj rivers mark the border with Afghanistan.
  • Administrative divisions: Tajikistan consists of 4 administrative divisions. These are the provinces (viloyat) of Sughd and Khatlon, the autonomous province of Gorno-Badakhshan (abbreviated as GBAO), and the Region of Republican Subordination. Each region is divided into several districts, which in turn are subdivided into jamoats (village-level self-governing units) and then villages (qyshloqs). As of 2006, there were 58 districts and 367 jamoats in Tajikistan.
  • Capital: Dushanbe.
  • Governance: the politics of Tajikistan takes place in a framework of a presidential republic, whereby the President is both head of state and head of government, and of a multi-party system. Legislative power is vested in both the executive branch and the two chambers of parliament.
  • Population: 8.7 million.
  • Currency: Somoni.
  • GDP: $7.24 billion.
  • Time zone: GMT +5.
  • Telephone code: +992.

 

Trade and economic cooperation between the Republic of Belarus and Tajikistan

Cultural and Humanitarian Cooperation

The treaty relations of Belarusian higher educational institutions with Tajik educational institutions are currently being implemented within the framework of 46 inter-university agreements in the field of education.

In 2016/2017 academic year almost 700 citizens of Tajikistan studied in Belarusian institutions of higher and secondary specialized education.

In Dushanbe, Tajikistan, there are four joint faculties:

  • the Faculty of Civil Aviation of the Belarusian State Aviation Academy and the Tajik Technical University named after academic M.S.Osimi;
  • the Faculty of Environmental Saving Technologies of the Tajik National University and the International Sakharov Environmental Institute of Belarusian State University;
  • the Faculty of Engineering and Technology of the Belarusian National Technical University and the Tajik Technical University named after academic M.S.Osimi;
  • the Faculty of Information Technology of the Belarusian State University and the Tajik National University.

Intercultural ties are developing between the Republic of Belarus and the Republic of Tajikistan.

On January 1, 2011 the Friendship Society «Tajikistan-Belarus» on the basis of the Tajik Technical University named after academic M.S.Osimi was established. 

In March 2012, the Belarus — Tajikistan Society for Friendship and Cultural Ties was created.

The Republic of Belarus regularly participates in the International Book Exhibition «Kitobi Dushanbe» as well as in the International Puppet Theater Festival «Chodari Khayol».

Cooperation is actively developing in the establishment of «literary bridges»: books are translated, special issues of newspapers and magazines are published.

In 2014, Days of Belarusian Television were held in Tajikistan.

In 2007 and 2015, Days of Culture of the Republic of Belarus were held in Tajikistan.

In 2008 and 2016, Days of Culture of the Republic of Tajikistan were held in Belarus.

Tajik sportsmen traditionally take part in the International Freestyle Wrestling Grand Prix for the prizes of three-time Olympic Champion Alexander Medved, the Belarusian Sambo Championship for prizes of the President of the Republic of Belarus and the international judo camp.

Trade and economic cooperation

The Republic of Belarus provides the national regime pertaining to goods from the Republic of Tajikistan in accordance with the Treaty on a free-trade area (October 18, 2011).

Dynamics of bilateral trade of the Republic of Belarus with the Republic of Tajikistan (in million U.S. dollars)

Periods

Turnover

Export

Import

Balance

2012

57.7

48.4

9.3

39.0

2013

34.6

29.7

4.9

24.8

2014

35

30.6

4.4

26.2

2015

24.6

20.9

3.7

17.2

2016

20.2

17.6

2.6

15.0

In January — October 2017, trade turnover amounted to $31.3 million and increased by 215.9 percent compared to the same period in 2016. The volume of exports amounted to $28.6 million (increased by 224.8 percent), the volume of imports — $2.7 million (increased by 152.2 percent). The balance of foreign trade in goods is positive — +$25.9 million.

The basis of Belarusian exports in January — October 2017 was the supply of sugar, tractors, specific goods, polyacetals and polyethers of simple others, carpets and floor coverings of tufts, wood-fiber boards, special purpose vehicles, chipboard, prepackaged drugs for retail sale, malt.

Most popular import goods from Tajikistan were cotton yarn, dried fruit, nuts or dried fruits mixtures, uncoated cotton fiber.

On November 25, 2017, the assembly plant of tractors MTZ in Hissor was opened on the basis of the dealer JSC «Agrotechservice». In 2018 it is planned to establish in Hissor the production of trailed and attached equipment of JSC «Bobruiskagromash» and self-propelled mowers of OJSC «Gomselmash».

On July 14, 2017 the shopping center of LLC «Trade House» ATLANT» was opened in Dushanbe.

In the Republic of Tajikistan there is a distribution network of more than 15 Belarusian enterprises, including OJSC «BelAZ», JSC «Minsk Automobile Plant», OJSC «Minsk Tractor Works», JSC «AMKODOR», OJSC «Gomselmash», JSC «Bobruiskagromash».

To the contents

The information for this article is provided by the National Centre for Marketing and Price Study of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Embassy of the Republic of Belarus in the Republic of Tajikistan, and taken from public sources. The information presented herein is for informative purposes only. In this regard, it may be useful for the companies, which have been working here for a long time, as well as for those, which are going to enter this market. Any questions, feedbacks and comments concerning this article are welcome. All of them will be fully considered and taken into account, if possible. If you have any information that may be interesting and useful for the visitors of this page, please write to us.

When using the materials of this article, the link to Export.by is obligatory.

Best wishes,

Administration of Export.by

Back to Country Guidebooks List